[Click on the title to open an article]
  1. Beginning of the Creation - (Revelation looks forward to the reign of Jesus in the New Creation, a reality inaugurated by his Death and Resurrection) - {PDF Copy}
  2. Resurrection and New Creation - {PDF Copy} - (According to Paul, the future resurrection and the New Creation as inextricably linked)
  3. New Creation and His Return - {PDF Copy} - (The arrival of Jesus in glory will usher in the Day of the Lord, the final judgment, and the New Creation)
  4. The Apostle Paul and the Last Days - {PDF Copy} - (In Christ, one era arrived at its intended endpoint and another commenced)
  5. The City Built by God - {PDF Copy} - (The city “whose builder and founder” is God is none other than the New Jerusalem John saw “descending from heaven”)
  1. New Covenant and New Creation - {PDF Copy} - (The promises to Abraham find their fulfillment in the New Covenant in Jesus and the New Creation)
  2. Spirit and Covenant - {PDF Copy} - (The Church and the gift of the Spirit have been integral to the redemptive plan of God from the very beginning)
  3. Abraham and the New Covenant - {PDF Copy} - (With the ascension of Jesus, the gift of the Spirit arrived with blessings for all believers – The promise of Abraham)
  4. The Heir of the World - {PDF Copy} - (According to Romans, the land promised to Abraham encompassed the entire world, not just the land of Canaan)
  5. Incomparable New Covenant - {PDF Copy} - (In his death, Jesus inaugurated the promised and vastly superior new covenant, rendering the old one obsolete)
  6. Shadow to Substance - {PDF Copy} - (The types and “shadows” of the old covenant find their substance and fulfillment in the Son, Jesus Christ)
  1. Jesus Crosses Ritual Purity Boundaries - {PDF Copy} - (Mark 1:40-45 - Jesus touched a leper and cleansed him despite the rules on ritual purity)
  2. Food and Calendars - {PDF Copy} - (Paul argued for tolerance within the church on food regulations and the observation of holy days - The “shadows” have found their fulfillment in Jesus)
  3. Jesus Confronts Traditions - {PDF Copy} - (Jesus undermined the religious rationale for dietary restrictions. With the Messiah’s arrival, old rituals lost their relevance)
  4. Circumcision, A Cutting Issue - {PDF Copy} - (If circumcision is no longer required, the jurisdiction of the old legislation has ceased)
  5. Fulfillment - Law and Prophets - {PDF Copy} - (In Jesus, “all the promises of God are Yea and Amen,” and the “Law and Prophets” find their fulfillment)
  6. Works of the Law - {PDF Copy} - (In Romans, discussions about justification by “works” has a specific category of works in view – the “works of the law")
  1. The Controversy at Galatia - An Overview - {PDF Copy} - (The key dispute at Galatia was whether Gentile converts must be circumcised and keep some, at least, of the required deeds of the Torah)
  2. Rescued from this Evil Age - {PDF Copy} - (Paul anchored all that God has done in the past Death and Resurrection of Jesus, which inaugurated the messianic age)
  3. Proclaiming Another Gospel - {PDF Copy} - (The Judaizing opponents at Galatia were preaching a different message that deviated from the apostolic tradition)
  4. Paul's Propositional Statement in Galatians - {PDF Copy} - (Galatians 2:15-21 - Paul’s opponents in Galatia preached a different message and a different Christ)
  5. Having begun in the Spirit - {PDF Copy} - (Galatians 3:1-5 - The receipt of the Spirit while in an uncircumcised state was irrefutable proof that the Galatian Christians were accepted before God without circumcision)
  6. The Requirement to do the Whole Law - {PDF Copy} - (Galatians 3:10 - The Law obligates everyone under its jurisdiction to keep the entire thing)
  7. Why, Then, the Law? - {PDF Copy} - (Galatians 3:18-19 - The custodianship of the Law was to remain until the "seed" arrived)
  8. Jurisdiction of the Law - {PDF Copy} - (According to Galatians, the jurisdiction of the Torah reached its termination point with the arrival of Jesus)
  9. All are Heirs in Jesus - {PDF Copy} - (With the arrival of the seed of Abraham, the old divisions between Jew and Gentile are wholly inappropriate)
  10. Redeemed from the Law - {PDF Copy} - (The Law was an interim stage with a termination point. Therefore, Christians are no longer under it, and instead, are “in Christ”)
  11. Rudiments of the World - {PDF Copy} - (The Messianic Age has dawned, therefore calendrical rituals and other Levitical regulations belong to the old and now obsolete order)
  12. Circumcision, A Cutting Issue - {PDF Copy} - (If circumcision is no longer required, the jurisdiction of the old legislation has ceased)

Multnomah Falls, Oregon -
Multnomah Falls, Oregon -


Language of the New Testament

City Built by God