[Click on the title to open an article]
  1. Beginning of the Creation - (Revelation looks forward to the reign of Jesus in the New Creation, a reality inaugurated by his Death and Resurrection) - {PDF Copy}
  2. Resurrection and New Creation - {PDF Copy} - (According to Paul, the future resurrection and the New Creation as inextricably linked)
  3. New Creation and His Return - {PDF Copy} - (The arrival of Jesus in glory will usher in the Day of the Lord, the final judgment, and the New Creation)
  4. The Apostle Paul and the Last Days - {PDF Copy} - (In Christ, one era arrived at its intended endpoint and another commenced)
  5. The City Built by God - {PDF Copy} - (The city “whose builder and founder” is God is none other than the New Jerusalem John saw “descending from heaven”)

  1. Spirit, Creation, Resurrection - {PDF Copy} - (The promises to Abraham find their fulfillment in the New Covenant in Jesus and the New Creation)
  2. Spirit and Covenant - {PDF Copy} - (The Church and the gift of the Spirit have been integral to the redemptive plan of God from the very beginning)
  3. Covenant Heirs - {PDF Copy} - (Jesus is the seed of Abraham through whom his disciples inherit the covenant promises, including the Spirit)
  4. The Heir of the World - {PDF Copy} - (According to Romans, the land promised to Abraham encompassed the entire world, not just the land of Canaan)
  5. Incomparable New Covenant - {PDF Copy} - (In his death, Jesus inaugurated the promised and vastly superior new covenant, rendering the old one obsolete)
  6. Shadow to Substance - {PDF Copy} - (The types and “shadows” of the old covenant find their substance and fulfillment in the Son, Jesus Christ)

  1. Jesus Crosses Ritual Purity Boundaries - {PDF Copy} - (Mark 1:40-45 - Jesus touched a leper and cleansed him despite the rules on ritual purity)
  2. Food and Calendars - {PDF Copy} - (Paul argued for tolerance within the church on food regulations and the observation of holy days - The “shadows” have found their fulfillment in Jesus)
  3. Jesus Confronts Tradition - {PDF Copy} - (Jesus undermined the religious rationale for dietary restrictions. With the Messiah’s arrival, old rituals lost their relevance)
  4. Circumcision, A Cutting Issue - {PDF Copy} - (If circumcision is no longer required, the jurisdiction of the old legislation has ceased)
  5. Fulfillment - Law and Prophets - {PDF Copy} - (In Jesus, ALL the promises of God are Yea and Amen, and the Law and Prophets find their fulfillment)
  6. Works of the Law - {PDF Copy} - (In Romans, discussions about justification by “works” has a specific category of works in view – the “works of the law")

  1. Controversy at Galatia - {PDF Copy} - (The key dispute at Galatia was whether Gentile converts must be circumcised and keep some, at least, of the required deeds of the Torah)
  2. Rescued from this Evil Age - {PDF Copy} - (Paul anchors all that God has done in the past Death and Resurrection of Jesus, which inaugurated the messianic age)
  3. Proclaiming Another Gospel - {PDF Copy} - (The Judaizing opponents at Galatia were preaching a different message that deviated from the apostolic tradition)
  4. Paul's Proposition - {PDF Copy} - (Galatians 2:15-21 - Paul’s opponents in Galatia preached a different message and a different Christ)
  5. Having begun in the Spirit - {PDF Copy} - (The receipt of the Spirit while in an uncircumcised state is irrefutable proof that Gentiles are accepted by God AS GENTILES – Galatians 3:1-4)
  6. Doing the Whole Law - {PDF Copy} - (Anyone who is under the Law of Moses is obligated to keep all its required deeds and rituals – Galatians 3:10)
  7. Why, Then, the Law? - {PDF Copy} - (If a man is not justified from the works of the Law, what was the purpose of the Law given at Sinai?)
  8. Jurisdiction of the Law - {PDF Copy} - (According to Galatians, the jurisdiction of the Torah reached its termination point with the arrival of Jesus)
  9. All are Heirs in Jesus - {PDF Copy} - (With the arrival of the seed of Abraham, the old divisions between Jew and Gentile are wholly inappropriate)
  10. Redeemed and Adopted - {PDF Copy} - (The Law was an interim stage with a termination point. Disciples are no longer under its jurisdiction, but now, are in Christ)
  11. Rudiments of the Old Era - {PDF Copy} - (The Messianic Age dawned in Jesus, and calendrical rituals and other Levitical regulations belong to the obsolete old order)
  12. Circumcision, A Cutting Issue - {PDF Copy} - (If circumcision is no longer required, the jurisdiction of the old legislation has ceased)

Multnomah Falls, Oregon -
Multnomah Falls, Oregon -


Language of the New Testament

Two "Little Horns"?